以斯拉记9 Ezra

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

9:1 这事做完了,众首领来见我,说,以色列民和祭司并利未人,没有离绝迦南人,赫人,比利洗人,耶布斯人,亚扪人,摩押人,埃及人,亚摩利人,仍效法这些国的民,行可憎的事。

Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.

9:2 因他们为自己和儿子娶了这些外邦女子为妻,以致圣洁的种类和这些国的民混杂。而且首领和官长在这事上为罪魁。

For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.

9:3 我一听见这事,就撕裂衣服和外袍,拔了头发和胡须,惊惧忧闷而坐。

And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied.

9:4 凡为以色列神言语战兢的,都因这被掳归回之人所犯的罪聚集到我这里来。我就惊惧忧闷而坐,直到献晚祭的时候。

Then were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the transgression of those that had been carried away; and I sat astonied until the evening sacrifice.

9:5 献晚祭的时候我起来,心中愁苦,穿着撕裂的衣袍,双膝跪下向耶和华我的神举手,

And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto the LORD my God,

9:6 说,我的神阿,我抱愧蒙羞,不敢向我神仰面。因为我们的罪孽灭顶,我们的罪恶滔天。

And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.

9:7 从我们列祖直到今日,我们的罪恶甚重。因我们的罪孽,我们和君王,祭司都交在外邦列王的手中,杀害,掳掠,抢夺,脸上蒙羞正如今日的光景。

Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass unto this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests, been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, and to a spoil, and to confusion of face, as it is this day.

9:8 现在耶和华我们的神暂且施恩与我们,给我们留些逃脱的人,使我们安稳如钉子钉在他的圣所,我们的神好光照我们的眼目,使我们在受辖制之中稍微复兴。

And now for a little space grace hath been shewed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage.

9:9 我们是奴仆,然而在受辖制之中,我们的神仍没有丢弃我们,在波斯王眼前向我们施恩,叫我们复兴,能重建我们神的殿,修其毁坏之处,使我们在犹大和耶路撒冷有墙垣。

For we were bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in Judah and in Jerusalem.

9:10 我们的神阿,既是如此,我们还有什么话可说呢。因为我们已经离弃你的命令,

And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? for we have forsaken thy commandments,

9:11 就是你藉你仆人众先知所吩咐的说,你们要去得为业之地是污秽之地。因列国之民的污秽和可憎的事,叫全地从这边直到那边满了污秽。

Which thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness of the people of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled it from one end to another with their uncleanness.

9:12 所以不可将你们的女儿嫁他们的儿子,也不可为你们的儿子娶他们的女儿,永不可求他们的平安和他们的利益,这样你们就可以强盛,吃这地的美物,并遗留这地给你们的子孙永远为业。

Now therefore give not your daughters unto their sons, neither take their daughters unto your sons, nor seek their peace or their wealth for ever: that ye may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children for ever.

9:13 神阿,我们因自己的恶行和大罪,遭遇了这一切的事,并且你刑罚我们轻于我们罪所当得的,又给我们留下这些人。

And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance as this;

9:14 我们岂可再违背你的命令,与这行可憎之事的民结亲呢。若这样行,你岂不向我们发怒,将我们灭绝,以致没有一个剩下逃脱的人吗。

Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? wouldest not thou be angry with us till thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping?

9:15 耶和华以色列的神阿,因你是公义的,我们这剩下的人才得逃脱,正如今日的光景。看哪,我们在你面前有罪恶,因此无人在你面前删立得住。

O LORD God of Israel, thou art righteous: for we remain yet escaped, as it is this day: behold, we are before thee in our trespasses: for we cannot stand before thee because of this.

以斯拉记9参考

娶外邦女子为妻不可以吗?不是有婚姻自由吗?
9:1-2 自士师时代以来,以色列人已经与外邦女子通婚,参与异族的宗教活动(参士3:5-7),甚至连雄才伟略的所罗门王也沾上同样的罪(参王上11:1-8)。虽然神严禁这事(参出34:11-16;申7:1-4),但到以斯拉那年代以色列人仍未改过,他们的下一代又再重蹈覆辙(参尼13:23-27)。禁止与外族通婚并非种族歧视,因为犹太人与住在该地的非犹太人同属闪族。神颁下这道命令,完全是为了属灵的缘故。人若与异族人通婚,很容易会倒向外族的信仰和风俗。若在婚姻等重要事情上不自觉地违背了神,自然无力拒绝配偶所拜的偶像。盲目崇拜偶像是以色列人的通病,直至他们被掳才遏止住这种风气。

同负一轭的婚姻也常会亮起红灯,更何况两条路上的人呢?你的见解是──
9:2 部分以色列人与外族人通婚,离开了神为他们安排的道路。新约圣经教导信徒不应与不信者“同负一轭”(参林后6:14)因为这样的婚姻,使夫妻总不能在生命中最重要的事情上同心,例如服从神、委身给神。婚姻牵涉两个人合而为一,信仰不同时常会引起夫妻间的争执,其中一方很可能为保持和谐而向对方的信仰妥协。很多人在起步时忽视这问题,到后来才感到后悔。婚姻是大事,勿让情绪和激情蒙蔽自己,必须要选择一位能够与你在灵里合一的伴侣。

有谦卑悔罪的内心,才有谦卑悔罪的行为。看他们的表现──
9:3-5 撕裂衣服,拔去头发和胡须,是谦卑和悔罪的表现。

以斯拉对罪的态度,让我认识到罪的根源、领袖的职责和神的怜悯,我敢于效法吗?
9:5-15 以斯拉得悉百姓犯罪时,立即跪下祈祷。诚心的祷告让他清楚看到罪恶的本相。他看清了几件事:(1)犯罪是严重的事;(2)一人犯罪势必影响他人(9:7);(3)虽然他没有娶异族女子为妻,但他同样有罪(9:10-15);(4)虽然百姓不配,神仍以爱和怜悯赦免他们(9:8-9, 15)。世人每每轻看罪恶,但我们要像以斯拉那样,严肃地对待罪。

祷告悔罪,寻求复兴;痛哭流泪,心灵更新──也许我们的教会也需要这样的更新……
9:5-15 以斯拉祷告承认了以色列人所犯的罪。他没有犯众人所犯的罪,却视之如同己错。他悲哀痛哭,因罪感到羞愧,为罪的结局而惶恐,他渴望以色列人能看到自己的过犯而悔改。他的祷告感动了百姓,使之无不因此而痛哭(参10:1)。以斯拉阐明了不仅要重建圣殿,更需要有一个属灵的社会与其配合。今天在我们的教会里,也需要一个属灵的团体。即使我们曾犯下滔天大罪,仍可祈祷悔改归向神。

重建圣殿,修筑城墙,啊,难道只为恢复光明?
9:9 筑起城墙不仅为一城的光荣或建筑的美感,而是用来保护百姓、防御敌人和土匪的侵袭(参9:7)。因著神的恩慈,以色列人得到了保护,能开始新的生活。

神啊,你看他们竟这样做!──常常,我们都如此指摘别人,只是以斯拉却不同……
9:15 以斯拉深知如果神按公义审判以色列人,必定无人能在他面前站立得住。我们受了冤屈,总爱高呼公义,却忘记了自己的罪,忘了在公正的裁决下自己应得的惩罚。神不仅是公义的,还向我们施怜悯和慈爱。我们多有福!下次你若要向神讨公道时,请先静下来,想一想神若真的要给你应得的公道,你的境况将是如何。我们应当求神的怜悯。

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