以斯拉记5 Ezra

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

5:1 那时,先知哈该,和易多的孙子撒迦利亚,奉以色列神的名向犹大和耶路撒冷的犹大人说劝勉的话。

Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them.

5:2 于是撒拉铁的儿子所罗巴伯,和约萨达的儿子耶书亚,都起来动手建造耶路撒冷神的殿,有神的先知在那里帮助他们。

Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets of God helping them.

5:3 当时河西的总督达乃和示他波斯乃,并他们的同党来问说,谁降旨让你们建造这殿,修成这墙呢。

At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and their companions, and said thus unto them, Who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall?

5:4 我们便告诉他们建造这殿的人叫什么名字。

Then said we unto them after this manner, What are the names of the men that make this building?

5:5 神的眼目看顾犹大的长老,以致总督等没有叫他们停工,直到这事奏告大流士得着他的回谕。

But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, that they could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius: and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter.

5:6 河西的总督达乃和示他波斯乃,并他们的同党,就是住河西的亚法萨迦人,上本奏告大流士王。

The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side the river, sent unto Darius the king:

5:7 本上写着说,愿大流士王诸事平安。

They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus; Unto Darius the king, all peace.

5:8 王该知道,我们往犹大省去,到了至大神的殿,这殿是用大石建造的。梁木插入墙内,工作甚速,他们手下亨通。

Be it known unto the king, that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the great God, which is builded with great stones, and timber is laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands.

5:9 我们就问那些长老说,谁降旨让你们建造这殿,修成这墙呢。

Then asked we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls?

5:10 又问他们的名字,要记录他们首领的名字,奏告于王。

We asked their names also, to certify thee, that we might write the names of the men that were the chief of them.

5:11 他们回答说,我们是天地之神的仆人,重建前多年所建造的殿,就是以色列的一位大君王建造修成的。

And thus they returned us answer, saying, We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ago, which a great king of Israel builded and set up.

5:12 只因我们列祖惹天上的神发怒,神把他们交在迦勒底人,巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒的手中,他就拆毁这殿,又将百姓掳到巴比伦。

But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon.

5:13 然而巴比伦王居鲁士元年,他降旨允准建造神的这殿。

But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon the same king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God.

5:14 神殿中的金,银器皿,就是尼布甲尼撒从耶路撒冷的殿中掠去,带到巴比伦庙里的,居鲁士王从巴比伦庙里取出来,交给派为省长的,名叫设巴萨,

And the vessels also of gold and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the temple that was in Jerusalem, and brought them into the temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of Babylon, and they were delivered unto one, whose name was Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor;

5:15 对他说可以将这些器皿带去,放在耶路撒冷的殿中,在原处建造神的殿。

And said unto him, Take these vessels, go, carry them into the temple that is in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be builded in his place.

5:16 于是这设巴萨来建立耶路撒冷神殿的根基。这殿从那时直到如今尚未造成。

Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem: and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished.

5:17 现在王若以为美,请察巴比伦王的府库,看居鲁士王降旨允准在耶路撒冷建造神的殿没有,王的心意如何。请降旨晓谕我们。

Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king’s treasure house, which is there at Babylon, whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter.

以斯拉记5参考

先知哈该和撒迦利亚都出来说劝勉的话,他们的话记在……
5:1 有关哈该和撒迦利亚的事迹与讯息,请参考哈该书和撒迦利亚书。

有神的先知在那里帮助他们,真好!但谁去扶持那些传讲神的话的人?我们可以吗?
5:1-2 “有神的先知在那里帮助他们。”神有时会差派先知,去激励他的子民。为此,哈该和撒迦利亚不但传讲信息,还亲自参与建造工作。今天在教会里,神也会使用先知的信息来巩固我们的工作(参弗4:11-13),如同哈该和撒迦利亚帮助以色列人一样。“但作先知讲道的,是对人说,要造就、安慰、劝勉人。”(林前14:3)。不过,我们也要多多鼓励扶持那些传讲神话语的人。

纵有拦阻,神仍拖带犹太人;在跟随神的路上,神的手始终牵引著我……
5:3-5 耶路撒冷附近的外邦人企图阻止圣殿重建。事情还在法理上争论不休、未有定案时,犹太人却已继续他们的工作了。我们为神作工,每当受到耽误、扰乱或打击时,必须凭著信心勇往直前。不论谁阻挡,神必能成就他在世上的旨意。昔日他看顾犹太人的首领,今天也必看顾你。你只管专心完成神的旨意,不要被阴谋和中伤绊倒。

以肯定的语气说出“我们是天地之神的仆人”,你可以吗?无论何时、何况……
5:11 在重建圣殿的过程中,波斯国派来的总督诸多刁难,质问是谁准许建殿(参5:3),以威吓以色列人,但百姓毫无惧色地回答:“我们是天地之神的仆人。”
  在不信神的世界里,要为自己的信仰放胆说话并不容易,却要勇而为之。确认自己是神的仆人,正是解除压力和威吓的良方。我们要先忠于神,然后才考虑人的反应。如果我们太顾虑带有敌意的批评,很容易使自己陷于恐惧中。若要处处讨好人,避免开罪人,我们就无法顺利完工。神是我们的主,他的赏赐才是最重要的,所以不必惧怕威吓。让我们以言语和行动来告诉别人:神才是我们真正的事奉对象。

前面的经文不是称塞鲁士为波斯王吗?怎么在这里却是……
5:13-17 在1章1节和5章13节中,塞鲁士分别被称为波斯王和巴比伦王,因为波斯刚攻陷巴比伦,塞鲁士便成了两国之君。巴比伦在这事件中较为重要,因希伯来人被掳的七十年都在那里度过。另外,在5章17节中的巴比伦,可能是指首都巴比伦城。

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