以斯帖记3 Esther

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

3:1 这事以后,亚哈随鲁王抬举,亚甲族哈米大他的儿子哈曼,使他高升,叫他的爵位超过与他同事的一切臣宰。

After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

3:2 在朝门的一切臣仆都跪拜哈曼,因为王如此吩咐。惟独末底改不跪不拜。

And all the king’s servants, that were in the king’s gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.

3:3 在朝门的臣仆问末底改说,你为何违背王的命令呢。

Then the king’s servants, which were in the king’s gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king’s commandment?

3:4 他们天天劝他,他还是不听,他们就告诉哈曼,要看末底改的事站得住站不住,因他已经告诉他们自己是犹大人。

Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai’s matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew.

3:5 哈曼见末底改不跪不拜,他就怒气填胸。

And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

3:6 他们已将末底改的本族告诉哈曼。他以为下手害末底改一人是小事,就要灭绝亚哈随鲁王通国所有的犹大人,就是末底改的本族。

And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.

3:7 亚哈随鲁王十二年正月,就是尼散月,人在哈曼面前,按日日月月掣普珥,就是掣签,要定何月何日为吉,择定了十二月,就是亚达月。

In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.

3:8 哈曼对亚哈随鲁王说,有一种民,散居在王国各省的民中,他们的律例与万民的律例不同,也不守王的律例,所以容留他们与王无益。

And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king’s laws: therefore it is not for the king’s profit to suffer them.

3:9 王若以为美,请下旨意灭绝他们。我就捐一万他连得银子交给掌管国帑的人,纳入王的府库。

If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king’s treasuries.

3:10 于是王从自己手上摘下戒指,给犹大人的仇敌亚甲族哈米大他的儿子哈曼。

And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews’ enemy.

3:11 王对哈曼说,这银子仍赐给你,这民也交给你,你可以随意待他们。

And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.

3:12 正月十三日,就召了王的书记来,照着哈曼一切所吩咐的,用各省的文字,各族的方言,奉亚哈随鲁王的名写旨意,传与总督和各省的省长,并各族的首领。又用王的戒指盖印。

Then were the king’s scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king’s lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king’s ring.

3:13 交给驿卒传到王的各省,吩咐将犹大人,无论老少妇女孩子,在一日之间,十二月,就是亚达月十三日,全然剪除,杀戮灭绝,并夺他们的财为掠物。

And the letters were sent by posts into all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.

3:14 抄录这旨意,颁行各省,宣告各族,使他们预备等候那日。

The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.

3:15 驿卒奉王命急忙起行,旨意也传遍书珊城。王同哈曼坐下饮酒,书珊城的民却都慌乱。

The posts went out, being hastened by the king’s commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.

以斯帖记3参考

为信仰而孤军奋战,我有没有这般勇气和胆量?
3:2 末底改坚守自己的信念,没有为明哲保身而随波逐流;反之,他有勇气择善固守。坚持信念有时须力排众议,成为少数分子;不过,服从神较服从人重要得多(参徒5:29)。

“好汉不吃眼前亏”,末底改为何不灵活一些呢?
3:2-4 末底改拒绝向哈曼下拜。犹太人有时也向政府官员下拜,以示尊敬(参创23:7;撒上24:8)。但是,波斯王及位高权重的大臣,在国内被视为神圣不可侵犯的,在他们面前下跪,就等于把他们当作神,因此末底改决不肯这样做。但以理的三个朋友也曾拒绝敬拜金像(参但3:1-30)。我们敬拜的对象,只能是独一真神,而不是任何人。若有人要求你向他膜拜或违背神,你千万不要让步。

对一个民族有偏见,你有没有这种倾向?为甚么?
3:5-6 哈曼位高权重,末底改却不愿向他屈膝下拜,这使他怒火中烧。他不仅怀恨末底改本人,甚至憎恶末底改的民族,因为犹太人认为神是惟一值得尊崇的对象。哈曼因一个民族的信仰文化与自己的不同,就恨那个民族的人,显见他的心胸是何等狭隘。自大变成固执,总以为自己胜人一筹。哈曼自己也是因为妄自尊大而被处决的(7:9-10)。对于高傲矜夸、目空一切的人,神必严加惩罚(参箴18:12;赛23:8-9;提前3:6)。

想进行种族灭绝的人,其内心世界是怎样的?
3:5-6 为何哈曼因末底改一人所为,便想灭绝整个犹太民族?(1)哈曼是亚甲人,是以色列的宿敌亚玛力人的后裔,因此他也仇恨犹太民族。(2)一人之下,万人之上(3:1)的哈曼权欲薰心,渴望得人尊崇;可是,犹太人却独尊神为最高的权威,不畏其他权势。哈曼知道,惟一满足他虚荣心的途径,便是杀戮这批敬重神,过于敬重他和皇帝的人。追求权力和种族仇恨促使他策划灭族行动。

“普珥日”是怎么来的?
3:7 哈曼抽签择日,一心要铲除犹太人。他自以为易如反掌,谁知神的旨意远高过他的计谋,事情的进展全在神的计划中;杀戮之期几乎定在一年之后,使以斯帖有充足的时间奏请皇上。波斯人称“抽签”为“普珥”,料想不到,哈曼消灭犹太人之日,竟然变为神拯救犹太人之时,于是犹太人便称这日为“普珥日”,欢喜庆祝。

哈曼灭绝犹太人的意图是纯粹出于政治和信仰上的原因吗?
3:9 哈曼必在想,皇上若降旨让他灭绝犹太人,他便可趁机掠夺他们的家园财产,中饱私囊。因为犹太人在帝国境内为数不少。

王把戒指给了哈曼,甚么意思?
3:10-12 古时的官员以印章戒指来代替个人签名。戒指表面镶有凸起的印鉴,用金属、木或骨制造。亚哈随鲁王的御玺戒指,很可能以金或银制造。把戒指印章盖在信封口处的软火漆上可密封信件,国家文件则用皇家印鉴为证。亚哈随鲁王把御玺戒指交给哈曼,意味著哈曼已取得无限的权力,大可为所欲为;可是皇帝却不知自己的戒指王印将会给爱妻以斯帖颁签死状。

哈曼为何要急著颁发诏书?这样做的利弊何在?
3:13 哈曼颁发状书,判处波斯帝国境内所有犹太人死刑,以色列境内的犹太人自然也包括在内。倘若诏书的命令得到执行,神拣选的子民便会被灭绝,而神差爱子到世上成为犹太人的计划就会落空!可是,神的旨意是无人能阻挠的(参伯42:2)。

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